Asphalt Pavement History

Asphalt Pavement History

Asphalt Pavement History Hot mix asphalt (HMA) pavements have existed in their present form, as a mixture of angular aggregates and asphalt binder,  since the beginning of the 20th century.  However, HMA pavement can trace its roots back to ancient Roman roads and...
Aggregate

Aggregate

Aggregate “Aggregate” is a collective term for sand, gravel and crushed stone mineral materials in their natural or processed state (NSSGA 1991).  In 2009, the U.S. produced nearly 2 billion tons of aggregate at a value of about $17.2 billion.  Roads and...
Asphalt Pavement History

WAPA Design Checklist

WAPA Design Checklist This page puts forth some basic guidance for use when designing HMA pavements and is meant to be used as a checklist.  When designing a pavement, the guidance listed here should at least be considered.  The guidance contained on this page is not...
Top Down Cracking

Top Down Cracking

Top Down Cracking Top down cracking appears to be a common mode of HMA pavement distress in at least several states and countries.  Traditionally, pavement cracking is thought to initiate at the bottom of the HMA layer where the tensile bending stresses are the...
Pavement Evaluation Categories

Pavement Evaluation Categories

Pavement Evaluation Categories Pavement performance is a function of its relative ability to serve traffic over a period of time.  Typically, a system of objective measurements is used to quantify a pavement’s condition and performance. These systems are used to...